Cellini, Benvenuto

   Florentine sculptor and goldsmith; among the most important figures of Mannerist sculpture. Cellini spent his early years in Rome, creating mainly medals and decorative objects. From 1540 to 1545, he worked for King Francis I of France for whom he created a gold and enamel salt cellar (1540-1544; Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum) adorned with figures of Neptune, god of the sea, and Tellus, goddess of the Earth, to denote the two places from which salt and pepper respectively originate. At the king's Palace of Fontainebleau, Cellini created a bronze relief lunette above a doorway depicting Diana, goddess of the hunt (1542-1544; Paris, Louvre). In 1545, he returned to Florence to work for Duke Cosimo I de' Medici, creating for him the Perseus and Medusa (1545-1554) to be placed in the Palazzo Vecchio's Loggia dei Lanzi alongside Donatello's Judith and Holofernes (1459). Cellini considered this pairing when he rendered his work. Both sculptures show the heroes reacting passively to the horror of the event and both feature two figures forming a vertical composition, with the victim resting on a cushion. Other works by Cellini include the bust portraits Bindo Altoviti (1549; Boston, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum) and Cosimo I de'Medici (c. 1545-1548; Florence, Museo Nazionale del Bargello) and his Crucifixion in El Escorial (1556-1562). Cellini was also an author, penning his autobiography in 1558-1562, a work that reveals his egotistic personality, violent tendencies, and tumultuous life.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Cellini, Benvenuto — born , Nov. 1, 1500, Florence died Feb. 13, 1571, Florence Italian sculptor and goldsmith active principally in Florence. Early in his career he worked in Rome, producing coins, medallions, seals, vessels, and a variety of other objects in… …   Universalium

  • CELLINI, Benvenuto — (1500 1571) Benvenuto Cellini was an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, and author of treatises on sculpture and goldsmithing and of a celebrated autobiography. Cellini was born in Florence on 3 November 1500. Unwilling to follow in the footsteps of… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Cellini, Benvenuto — (1500 1571)    Florentine sculptor and goldsmith, now best known for his Autobiography, first published in 1728. Apprenticed as a goldsmith in Florence, he had a brilliant but unstable career, largely because of his own moral irregularities,… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Cellini, Benvenuto — ► (1500 71) Escultor, orfebre y escritor italiano. Una de las figuras más importantes del Renacimiento italiano. Esculpió el Perseo, una de las obras maestras de la escultura. * * * (1 nov. 1500, Florencia–13 feb. 1571, Florencia). Escultor y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cellini,Benvenuto — Cel·li·ni (chə lēʹnē, chĕ ), Benvenuto. 1500 1571. Italian writer and sculptor who is known for his Autobiography and his sculpture of Perseus. * * * …   Universalium

  • CELLINI, BENVENUTO —    a celebrated engraver, sculptor, and goldsmith, a most versatile and erratic genius, born at Florence; had to leave Florence for a bloody fray he was involved in, and went to Rome; wrought as a goldsmith there for 20 years, patronised by the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Cellini, Benvenuto —  (1500–1571) Italian sculptor, goldsmith, and author …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Cellini — Cellini, Benvenuto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Benvenuto Cellini — (* 3. November 1500 in Florenz; † 13. Februar 1571 ebenda) war als italienischer Goldschmied und Bildhauer ein berühmter Vertreter des Manierismus. Benvenuto Cellini gilt als einer der großen Bildhauer der Nachantike und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benvenuto Cellini — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cellini, en un grabado antiguo. Benvenuto Cellini (Florencia, 3 de noviembre de 1500 13 de febrero de 1571) fue un escultor, grabador y escritor florentino. Se convirtió en uno de los orfebres más importante …   Wikipedia Español

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